Issue: April 2009
Cover Story
भारत के समक्ष इस समय सबसे ...
  अधिकतम शासनः ई-शासन के माध्यम से जनपहुंच
रंजीत मेहता
  भारत में ई-गवर्नेंस की शुरुआत रक्षा सेवाओं, आर्थिक नियोजन, राष्ट्रीय जनगणना, चुनाव, कर संग्रह, आदि के लिए कम्प्यूटरीकरण पर जोर के साथ 1960 के दशक के अंत में
  किसानों का कल्याणः वर्तमान परिदृश्य
जे पी मिश्र
  कृषि भारतीय अर्थव्यवस्था का विशालतम क्षेत्र है। इस क्षेत्र ने वर्ष 2014-15 में समग्र सकल मूल्य वर्धन में
  योगः आधुनिक जीवनशैली व अंतरराष्ट्रीय स्वीकार्यता
ईश्वर वी बासवरेड्डी
  विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन (डब्ल्यूएचओ) ने इलाज में चिकित्सा के प्राचीन प्रणालियों को शामिल करने की जरूरत पर जोर दिया है। डब्ल्यूएचओ ने सु
  योग साधकों का मूल्यांकन एवं प्रमाणन
रवि पी सिंह&bsp; मनीष पांडे
  योग संस्थानों के प्रमाणन की योजना उन मूलभूत नियमों में सामंजस्य बिठाने की दिशा में उठाया कदम है,
  योगः स्वस्थ व तनावमुक्त जीवन का संतुलन
ईश्वर एन आचार&bsp; राजीव रस्तोगी
  आज की व्यस्त जीवनशैली में अपने स्वास्थ्य का ख्याल रख पाना एक जटिल कार्य हो गया है लेकिन
  Promoting Growth and Fighting Poverty or Reducing Greenhouse Gases: The Conundrum for Developing Countries?
Saumya Umashankar
October 01, 2014 | Saumya Umashankar  ,Poverty , Greenhouse Gases

There is a popular emotional appeal in favour of the environment while positing a trade-off with growthdevelopment comes from the consumption of scarce natural resources that release greenhouse gases and damage the environment for centuries to come; green is clean and economic growth is dirty. But when the same issue is queried as a trade-off between fighting poverty and preserving the environment, the response is not as easy.

Addressing Pharmaceuticals Patent Monopolies through Compulsory Licensing in India
Amit Singh
October 01, 2014 | Amit Singh  ,Pharmaceutical patents

Patents in India are granted to encourage inventions and to secure that it is worked on a commercial scale. The Indian Patent Act ensures that a Patentee should not be able to enjoy a monopoly for the importation of the patented article. The Patent Act provides measures by way of compulsory licensing (CL) to ensure that the patents do not impede the protection of public health and nutrition and the patent rights are not abused by the patentee. The CL therefore serves to strike balance between two disparate objectives- rewarding patentees for their invention and making the patented products, particularly pharmaceutical products, available to large population in developing and under developed countries at cheaper and affordable cost.

Rural Post offices as the Linking Bridge for Unreached Farmers of India
S. K. Dubey,
R. R. Burman,
J. P. Sharma,
K. Vijairaghavan,
V. Sangeetha
H. S. Gupta
October 01, 2014 | S. K. Dubey  ,Post Office linkage

Linking the agricultural farmers of India with technology and institution has always been the priority since the planned development of the country. In this direction, several experiments using different methods and means of communication have been done. Since sixties, a large number of studies were conducted on farmers and extension interaction, and it was mostly focused on the communication behaviour of these two important elements. Most of the Indian reports reveal diverse communication channels/sources utilized in the different stages of the innovation decision process. It was found that personal cosmopolite channels were more important and followed by personal localite channel at the knowledge stage. Similarly, importance of these channels/sources was also recognized at persuasion stage and at decision making stage in the innovation decision process.

From 74th CAA to SMART cities
Bhanu Joshi
October 01, 2014 | Bhanu Joshi  ,Smart cities

From 2001 to 2011, Indias urban population increased by 9 million. According to 2011 Census, 31per cent of India is urbanised, the first time since independence where the absolute population growth of urban is higher than the rural. The pace of Indias urbanisation, though argued by many scholars as slow, is bound to increase the stress on our already overstretched cities.

National Food Security Act: Way Forward to Success
Deepti Goel
Mantosh Kumar
December 01, 2013 | Deepti Goel, Mantosh Kumar  ,Food Security

Despite ensuring ample availability of food, existence of food insecurity at the micro-level in the country has remained a formidable challenge for India. The recently introduced National Food Security Act (NFSA) aims to address this and marks a paradigm shift in addressing the problem of food securityfrom the current welfare approach to a rights based approach.

The Performance of Khadi and Village Industries (KVIs) in India
Dr. Kandarpa Kumar Barman
Biswajit Das
December 01, 2013 | Dr. Kandarpa Kumar Barman, Biswajit Das  ,KVIC

The paper is based on secondary data, collected from Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR), Govt. Of India and attempts to explore the performance of Khadi and Village Industries (KVIs) in India during the period 1994-2010 with respects to the performance variables like production, employment and sales. The statistical tools like percentage, compound growth rate and correlation coefficient has been used to study the association between the variables. Also, the projection has been made in respect of the performance variables through the use of least square principles.

Housing Credit Led Growth in India during the Period 2000-2012*
Dr S.S. Sangwan
December 01, 2013 | Dr S.S. Sangwan  ,Bank Credit

The contribution of housing & construction sector in the GDP of India has almost doubled during 2000-2011 with synchronisation in growth rates of the two. The modern housing in India has mainly been confined to urban areas as revealed by census. The policy changes since 1998 with rebate on interest and repayment of principal of housing loans. As a result , the share of credit for housing in GDP increased from 2 % as on March in 2000 to about 8% as on 2008 and thereafter. The comparison between the annual growth rates of housing loans from SCBs and GDP clearly depicts the former as a pull factor for the growth of the economy during the study period.

Public Private Partnership
Garima Wahi
November 01, 2013 | Garima Wahi  ,PPP

According to the United Kingdom Commission on Public Private Partnerships, A Public Private Partnership (PPP) is a risk-sharing relationship between the public and private sectors based upon a shared aspiration to bring about a desired public policy outcome. In the case of infrastructure, PPP generally refers to the Concession or Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) contracts, or any variant of them, i.e., contracts where risks and responsibilities transferred to the private sector are much wider than in traditional public projects. Concession (BOT) is an exclusive right granted by the Government Authority, under which private sector builds an infrastructure project, operates it and eventually transfers the project to the government. Company continues to run the facility, and the government acts as the regulator, while being the owner of the facility.

Role of the State in Partnerships
Dr. Manisha Verma
November 01, 2013 | Dr. Manisha Verma  ,Partnership

An emerging feature in public policy circles around the world has been the increasing incidence of State agencies entering into various forms of partnerships and coalitions with non-State actors and agencies including the private sector, NGOs, civil society organizations and academicians ostensibly to benefit from their wide and diverse resources in fulfilment of public goals. While some analysts believe that this implies a decline of the State with the State ceding its powers to non-State actors, others are of the view that this in fact indicates a transformation towards a more commanding role of the State while benefitting from a wider knowledge base. Proponents of the New Public Governance hold that meaning of the term governance has also been undergoing several changes in its interpretation and inference in response to the challenges being posed in the present milieu.

Eurrasian Integration:
Significance for India

Ehtesham Khurshid
November 01, 2013 | Ehtesham Khurshid  ,Eurasia

Ever since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russian foreign policy has placed Eurasian integration or integration of the former Soviet states on top of its agenda. This idea has dominated most Presidential elections in Russia since 1996, not only because of its popularity among the masses. It is important to note that President Vladimir Putin in 2005, in his address to the federal assembly referred to the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and introduced the concept of a new integration project for Eurasia, stressing the need for greater economic cooperation amongst the post Soviet states. However, this idea championed by Putin was essentially the brainchild of the Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev who in his speech at the Moscow University in 1994, suggested the creation of an Eurasian Union. In a nut shell, he talked about a political and economic union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and other post-Soviet states. The idea was based upon the integration of the European Union

Surrogacy Laws In India
Sanjeev Sirohi
November 01, 2013 | Sanjeev Sirohi  ,Surrogacy

Since last few years the use of surrogacy has gained currency in not only India but the world over. Yet we must not forget that India along with Russia , Ukraine and certain states of the US are among the few countries that allow commercial surrogacy. It is imperative to understand first what exactly it means . Surrogacy basically refers to a mutually agreed contract in which a woman carries a pregnancy in lieu of money or anything else agreed upon for another couple who want a child but the woman is either infertile or physically incapable of carrying a developed foetus . Let me bring out here that the word surrogate is derived from Latin term surrogatus ( substituted ) which basically means appointed to act in the place of .

Disinvestment and
Indian Public Sector Enterprises

Gagan Singh
November 01, 2013 | Gagan Singh  ,Economy

The growth story of India during the last two decades has been exhilarating barring a period of economic slowdown which persisted from 2008-10. The inclusive growth model-adopted by the government during the 11th Plan strives for educational, financial, technological and political inclusion of masses which are being termed as demographic dividend by economists of the world-may take the credit for persistent growth of Indian economy even in the global slowdown phase. The emergence of civil society and NGOs during the recent past and the passage of important bills like Food Security, RTI, RTE and Pension Funds Regulatory Authority bills are live manifestation of inclusive growth philosophy of the government at centre. Some states are growing but not developing as far as other social parameters are concerned while others may not seem to be growing but on parallel have good governance. There is a need to compare and analyse the growth and development performance of the states and how governance has an impact on these variables.

Growth and Development Dynamics
of Indian States: A Comparison

Dr. Sanjay Tiwari
October 01, 2013 | Dr. Sanjay Tiwari  ,Growth

The growth story of India during the last two decades has been exhilarating barring a period of economic slowdown which persisted from 2008-10. The inclusive growth model-adopted by the government during the 11th Plan strives for educational, financial, technological and political inclusion of masses which are being termed as demographic dividend by economists of the world-may take the credit for persistent growth of Indian economy even in the global slowdown phase. The emergence of civil society and NGOs during the recent past and the passage of important bills like Food Security, RTI, RTE and Pension Funds Regulatory Authority bills are live manifestation of inclusive growth philosophy of the government at centre. Some states are growing but not developing as far as other social parameters are concerned while others may not seem to be growing but on parallel have good governance. There is a need to compare and analyse the growth and development performance of the states and how governance has an impact on these variables.

CPRs in Everyday Life of Rural People in Assam
Dr Gautam Purkayastha
October 01, 2013 | Dr Gautam Purkayastha  ,Poverty

Common Property Resources (CPRs) provide a regular source of income and employment to a large section of society across age groups. It acts as a safety net for the poor, particularly during the lean season, drought or floods. It is a vital and reliable source of livelihood for elderly people who cannot work as wage earners. It offers equal opportunities to different members of a disadvantaged family to supplement the family income. In addition to main earning members, children, women, elderly people and even the partially disabled find opportunities to collect non-timber forest products. CPRs help to improve economic efficiency by providing alternative income generating activities, direct inputs to the home for daily needs and agriculture and acts as a safety measure to carry on during the calamities.

The Collegium Syndrome: A Critical Appraisal
Saurabh Sinha
October 01, 2013 | Saurabh Sinha  ,Collegium

Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely Lord Acton

The above statement by Lord Acton needs to be reframed and expanded in the present context of governance as follows:-

Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely-Financially, Intellectually, and Morally.

Commercialization of Agriculture in Arunachal Pradesh
Dr. Rajesh Verma
September 01, 2013 | Dr. Rajesh Verma  , Agriculture

Arunachal Pradesh is situated on the eastern most corner of India having international borders with Bhutan, China and Burma. It is the largest state among all the north eastern states, namely Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim. Its total geographical area is 83743 sq km with the population density just over 17. Total population of the state, according to the Census of India 2011 is 1, 382,611, among which the tribal population is about 64 percent. The size of rural population is 10, 69,165 while the urban population is 3, 13, 446 which is 77.33 percent and 22.67 percent respectively.

Tribal Land Rights and Education
Dr. L. Rathakrishnan & K. Ravi Kumar
September 01, 2013 | Dr. L. Rathakrishnan & K. Ravi Kumar  , Tribal Rights

Basic education is the primary agent either to improve the immediate living condition or to increase the potential for future living. The Millennium Development Goals has emphasized to ensure that all girls and boys must complete a full course of primary education and that gender disparity is eliminated at all levels of education by 2015. As a natural follow-up action, the Parliament of India enacted The Child Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 (RTE Act 2009) and it came into force in April 1, 2010. This study attempts to explain how methods adopted in fifth schedule of Constitution of India based on colonial tribal policy of isolation and status quo to guarantee right to land repressed right to education of present day tribal and non-tribal students of Santhal Parganas division of Jharkhand State.

FightingClassroom Hunger- Achievements of
Mid Day Meal Scheme

Dr.Gracious James
September 01, 2013 | Dr.Gracious James  , Mid Day Meal

The National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE) which is popularly known as the Mid-day Meal Scheme was launched by the Government of India in 1995. NP-NSPE states that it aims to address classroom hunger and encourage poor children, belonging to disadvantaged sections, to attend school regularly and help them concentrate on classroom activities. The mid-day meal programme is a multi-faceted programme of the Government of India that, among other things, also seeks to address issues of food security, lack of nutrition and access to education on a nationwide scale. The Scheme is the worlds largest school feeding programme reaching out to about 12 crore children in over 12.65 lakh schools/EGS centres across the country.

Challenges in Slum Upgradation: Need Innovative Approaches
Dr. Adesh Chaturvedi
September 01, 2013 | Dr. Adesh Chaturvedi  , Growth

Indias economy has grown by an average of 8 % annually over the past few years, and yet a quarter of its population of 1.1 billion still lives on less than a dollar per day. The number of people living in slums in India has grown up rapidly in recent past and more than the population of Britain. Besides health, education and wedges, housing to the urban poor is a big challenge and cause of concern for the governments. Central and State Governments are trying to provide housing to the people from low-income-groups/slums of urban areas.

Human Development Thought: Enhancing Relevance in the Present Era
Dr Rahul Gupta,Dr Nikhil Zaveri
September 01, 2013 | Dr Rahul Gupta,Dr Nikhil Zaveri  ,Education

The roots of Human Development thought are found in Swasti mantra (a prayer seeking Blessings for all) by Adi Shankaracharya who shows great concern for human well being in the following prayer -

Problems of Aged in Changing Indian Scenario
Dr.(Smt) Shakuntala.C. Shettar
August 01, 2013 | Dr.Shakuntala.C. Shettar  , Social issues

Population ageing is a global issue, which has been recognized to have implications on the health care and social welfare systems. The process whereby the proportion of children in the population decreases and those of old persons increases is known as the ageing of population. The global population of elderly has constantly been increasing during the second half of the last century. This has been possible due to easy availability of life saving drugs, control of famines, and various communicable diseases, better awareness and supply of nutrition and health facilities and comparatively better overall standard of living.

State, Democracy and Development: Institutional Perspectives
August 01, 2013 | B.Chandrasekaran  , Democracy

The evolution of any civilisation depends on the formations and functioning of its institutional systems, the interplay of which allows the constituents of the society to pursue prosperity and happiness. The nature of these institutional systems and structures provide the fountainhead for ideas like democracy to germinate and flourish. However, as witnessed all over the world especially after the World War-II, preaching and eulogising about democracy as the ideal political system is much easier than practising and adopting it with all its limitations-political and otherwise.

Inclusive Planning in Context of Urban Poor
Dr. Ambey Kumar Srivastava
August 01, 2013 | Dr. Ambey Kumar Srivastava  , finance

There can be few ways to get success and many reasons of failure. But unfortunately, human being has the tendency to exaggerate success and read failures as gaps. The same thing has happened with the planning of our country, which is guided through five year planning pattern. How the situation of different sectors is visualized, conceptualized and planned can be best understood through the Five Year Plans (FYPs) of India, which gives an account of the post independence development of the country.

Ethnic Fratricide and the Autonomous Councils of Assam
Navaneeta Deori
August 01, 2013 | Navaneeta Deori  , Fratricide, Bodoland

Assam is idyllically located as an entry point to Northeast India. It has a blend of population belonging from diverse cultures and beliefs. However troubled relations have emerged between different communities (tribes and non-tribes) of the region which have been exacerbated by various militant activities.

Public TV Broadcasting in Asia-Pacific
K P Madhu
July 13, 2013 | K P Madhu  , PSB, Media, Doordarshan

TV broadcasting in India is about 54 years old. UNESCO promoted it as a great tool for education and so it was primarily school television telecast by All India Radio. It was initially limited to Delhi. Teachers and, at times, students in the studio beamed in black and white to the few TV sets on an experimental basis. Regular telecast started only in 1965.

Dynamics of world diamond trade change following shortage of gemstones

Africas beneficiation programme chokes supplies to India, China gets upper hand
TN Ashok
July 01, 2013 | TN Ashok 

The fast changing patterns in global diamond trade caused by the acute shortage of the gem stone has considerably altered the position of India and China as the major cutting and polishing centres besides hitting them in trade revenues.

The spot-fixing scandal 2013- Are we short-changing change?
Anujaya Krishna
July 01, 2013 | Anujaya Krishna 

Howard Cosell hit the nail on the head when he stated, Sports is human life in microcosm. Have you ever witnessed the ebb and flow of the Mexican wave in a stadium? The crests and troughs of a graph charting heartbeats during a game? The shrill yet inebriating sound of the vuvuzela? The sheer passion that is enthused in all who watch the game even though they may not be playing it?

Adaptation and Mitigation strategies of Climate change: A Serious Concern
Dr. K. P. Vipin Chandran & SandhyaP
July 01, 2013 | Dr. K. P. Vipin Chandran & Sandhya  ,

Climate change is a global environmental problem which has been receiving intense political attention both at domestic and international levels. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) defines climate change as a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.

Citizen Voices to Promote Environmental Governance: Towards an Equitable and Inclusive Development
Arvind L Sha & J Jangal
June 01, 2013 | Arvind L Sha & J Jangal  , Enironment

Environmental Governance is the means by which society determines and acts on goals and priorities related to the management of natural resources. This includes the rules, both formal and informal, that govern human behaviour in decision-making processes as well as the decisions themselves. Appropriate legal frameworks on the global, regional, national and local level are a prerequisite for good environmental governance.

Reaping the Information Dividend through Social Media
Dr. Sanjay Tiwari

June 01, 2013 | Dr. Sanjay Tiwari  , Social Media

India is on a threshold of becoming a lead economy of the world as her demographic dividend will be the highest-i.e. the largest population between the age group 18-59 years - within not so distant future. While talking of the return from this vast working human resource known as demographic dividend, it would be pertinent to look into another big opportunity which has recently emerged and likely to grow in what is termed as information driven economy.

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