Issue: October 2014
Cover Story 
Early in the morning, the door-bell rings. The paperwala throws the bundle of newspaper at our door-step and moves away hurriedly. Soon afterwards, we g...
Lead Article

The urban urban informal sector plays a crucial role in providing sources of livelihood particularly to the rural migrants and several low income households residing in urban slums. This paper examines the relative size and composition of the informal sector and delineates the recent changes relatin...

  Urban Informal Sector in India
Arup Mitra
  The urban urban informal sector plays a crucial role in providing sources of livelihood particularly to the rural migrants and several low income hous...
  The Informal Sector from a Knowledge Perspective
Amit Basole
  The informal sector is commonly thought of as a site of low-skilled or unskilled work. The National Commission on Enterprises in the Unorganised Secto...
  Gandhi and Sanitation
Sudarshan Iyengar
  Only the other day, one of our best extension workers and teachers expressed his concern over the dubious attitude of village and block level governme...
  The Role of India’s Informal Economy
Barbara Harriss-White
  India is probably unique in the world in the size and significance of her informal economy. While the concept has been much criticised by academics1,‘...
  Roadmap to Financial Inclusion: Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana
Pravakar Sahoo
  The state of financial inclusion in India, measured by any standard, leaves much to be desired. As in 2012, only 35 per cent of Indians older than 15 ...
Panidihing–A Paradise of Birds North east diary
Mouchumi Gogoi

Biodiversity pro v ides material and nonmaterial wealth in the form of food, fiber, medicine, happiness, peace, and so on for human communities. Loss of biodiversity means jeopardize of prospect and progress of human society. Assam is a part of global biodiversity hotspots, rich with innumerable biotic diversity. Panidihing (270 4.5/ N to 270 10/ N latitudes and 940 25/ E to 940 40/ E longitudes) - a unique and important bird area is a Protected Area (PA) situated in Sibsagar district of Assam. The Bird Sanctuary (BS) was constituted with a total area of 33.93 sq. km. The location of the sanctuary is 19 km northeast of the Sibsagar town. The National Highway-37 is running just 9km south of Panidihing. And the nearest airport Rowriah (Jorhat) is about 75 km towards east. It is surrounded east, north and south by peopled villages. The Brahmaputra River flows in the north-western side of the PA. On the other hand river Dishang flows in the southern part of the PA. Panidihing Bird Sanctuary established on 10th August, 1999 by a State Government Notification. The sanctuary is well known for many bird species which are very endangered and enlisted in the threatened species list. It is important to note that this bird sanctuary has also been revealing ecological and geotourism value. But it is observed that this biologically rich sanctuary has lost its earlier status of ecological and geotourism significance in recent years due to misuse and unwise use of its biodiversity.

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Forensic auditing refers to the auditing with the main aim to employ accounting techniques and methods to gather evidence to investigate the crimes on financial front such as theft, fraud etc.
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