Issue: February 2015
 
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Cover Story 
Let us end with a story. Around 5th century BC, the republican states of Lichchavi and Sakya had an institutional system called Santhagara which was use...
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Lead Article

The lead article by M.A. Oommen brings out the role and importance of granting fiscal empowerment to local government in a democratic set up. The author puts in an argument for cooperative federalism with fiscal decentralization as its core. He says that the Indian federation has a built in bias i...

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Articles
  Fiscal Federalism, Local Governments
M A Oommen
  The lead article by M.A. Oommen brings out the role and importance of granting fiscal empowerment to local government in a democratic set up. The aut...
  Why Federalism? A Perspective
Vinayak Narain Srivastava
  The second lead article by Vinayak Narain Srivastava stresses on the necessity of appropriate federalism to take the process of democracy and seculari...
  Emerging Markets and International Financial Institutions
Alok Sheel
  The special article by Alok Sheel presents the role of the Bretten Woods twins in tackling the problems of world economy in the past and discusses the...
  Digital India Programme: A Public Administration Reformation
Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Nripendra P. Rana, Antonis C. Simintiras and Banita Lal
  The focus article of the issue is on the flagship scheme of the government of India - the Digital India Programme. The article details the outlining ...
  NITI Aayog and Indian Fiscal Federalism
Nirvikar Singh
  Representation of the States in the successor organization, NITI Aayog, is stronger than in its predecessor, but the source of real change will be cha...
Panidihing–A Paradise of Birds North east diary
Mouchumi Gogoi

Biodiversity pro v ides material and nonmaterial wealth in the form of food, fiber, medicine, happiness, peace, and so on for human communities. Loss of biodiversity means jeopardize of prospect and progress of human society. Assam is a part of global biodiversity hotspots, rich with innumerable biotic diversity. Panidihing (270 4.5/ N to 270 10/ N latitudes and 940 25/ E to 940 40/ E longitudes) - a unique and important bird area is a Protected Area (PA) situated in Sibsagar district of Assam. The Bird Sanctuary (BS) was constituted with a total area of 33.93 sq. km. The location of the sanctuary is 19 km northeast of the Sibsagar town. The National Highway-37 is running just 9km south of Panidihing. And the nearest airport Rowriah (Jorhat) is about 75 km towards east. It is surrounded east, north and south by peopled villages. The Brahmaputra River flows in the north-western side of the PA. On the other hand river Dishang flows in the southern part of the PA. Panidihing Bird Sanctuary established on 10th August, 1999 by a State Government Notification. The sanctuary is well known for many bird species which are very endangered and enlisted in the threatened species list. It is important to note that this bird sanctuary has also been revealing ecological and geotourism value. But it is observed that this biologically rich sanctuary has lost its earlier status of ecological and geotourism significance in recent years due to misuse and unwise use of its biodiversity.

 
 
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Do you know? : What is Forensic Auditing
Forensic auditing refers to the auditing with the main aim to employ accounting techniques and methods to gather evidence to investigate the crimes on financial front such as theft, fraud etc.
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